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HSG Catheters

What Is a HSG Catheter?

HSG catheters are catheters that are specifically used in one procedure: hysterosalpingography (HSG). This procedure involves using X-ray machines to scan the inside of a woman's uterus and Fallopian tubes, typically to try and detect any blockages or problems inside the tubes.

The HSG catheter is what is used to inject a contrast agent or dye into the uterus and fallopian tubes to allow the area to be seen more clearly on the X-ray scans.

Like other catheters, HSG catheters are hollow, long tubes. They are usually made from non-latex materials and have an open-ended, soft tip at one end which is inserted into the cervical canal. The tip has small holes around the sides, through which the dye can be injected into the body and evenly distributed.

At the other end, the catheter tube branches into two lumens. One is used to inflate a balloon at the other end to hold the catheter in place, while the other is used to inject the contrast media.

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How Does a HSG Catheter Work?

To begin the HSG procedure, a patient will need to have a speculum inserted into the vagina to allow access to the cervix. Anesthesia may be injected at this time to alleviate any pain or discomfort the patient may experience. A HSG catheter will then be inserted into the cervical opening. The balloon at one end will be inflated to hold the catheter in position and a dye will flow through the tube, into the cervix, before the X-ray machine is used to scan the area.

HSG Catheter Sizes 

Like other kinds of catheters, HSG catheters are available in a range of different sizes. Because of the ways in which they are used, they tend to be quite narrow compared to other catheters, with the most commonly-used diameters ranging from 5 Fr to 7 Fr. They can have slightly different lengths, too, to suit patients of different ages and sizes.

HSG Catheter Types

In terms of types, there is only one main type of HSG catheter. Different brands are responsible for producing these catheters, but they all follow the same basic blueprint, including the soft tip with holes at one end and the two-lumen design at the other end. Some HSG catheters can, however, vary in size.

HSG Catheter Uses

HSG catheters are used exclusively for hysterosalpingography procedures. This is when the uterus and Fallopian tubes are scanned with an X-ray machine to look for any problems or blockages. Problems in the uterus or tubes could be causing a patient to be infertile or experience pregnancy problems, so this may be used on women who are struggling to conceive or have had miscarriages. HSG can also be done on women who have been sterilized to check that the Fallopian tubes are correctly blocked.

HSG Catheter Suppliers

Cooper Surgical, Cheshire Medical, Cook Medical, Medgyn Products, and MD Tech are some of the leading suppliers of HSG catheters.

What’s Hysterosalpingography (HSG)?

HSG is a diagnostic procedure used to examine the inside shape of the uterus and fallopian tubes. It is a special procedure that uses dye, and a radio-opaque material is inserted in the cervical canal to look inside the womb. If the result shows the filling of the uterine cavity and bilateral filling of the fallopian tube with the injected material that is considered normal. This is important when treating infertility problems in the case of fallopian tube blockages.

HSG is done to find out the reason why a woman might be having difficulties when becoming pregnant. The physician looks through the fallopian tubes and examines the shape and structure of the uterus, and searches for any scarring found inside the uterus or near the peritoneal cavity.

This exam is done to assess how the fallopian tubes open and to check the effects of tubal surgery. Tubal surgery effects include:

  • Obstruction of the fallopian tubes due to infections or scarring
  • Fallopian tubal ligation

HSG is also done to analyze repeated miscarriages caused by congenital or acquired uterine issues, including:

  • Uterine fibroids
  • Endometrial polyps
  • Uterine anomalies
  • Tumors

HSG Benefits

  • HSG procedure isn’t invasive, and complications are very rare.
  • This procedure gives beneficial information on finding the root causes of infertility.
  • This procedure can help open clogged fallopian tubes, allowing a woman to become pregnant in the future.
  • No radiation stays in the body after the exam.
  • X-rays don’t have any side effects during the usual diagnostic range for this exam.

HSG Risks

Severe complications due to a HSG are very rare but it could happen, including:

  • Allergic reaction to the dye used in the procedure
  • Bruising to the uterus
  • Pelvic infection

Step-by-Step of HSG:

  1. The patient lies on her back as if she was going in for a pelvic exam. A device called a speculum is inserted in the patient’s vagina. The speculum device is used to open up the vagina walls allowing for cervix visualization. The cervix is then cleaned.
  2. Local anesthesia is applied at the end of the cervix. The patient might feel a slight pinch and flinch.
  3. There are two methods for dye insertion. First method is done with an instrument that grasps and holds the cervix secured. A cannula is then placed in the cervix. Second method is done with a slim plastic tube, known as a HSG catheter, that enter the cervical opening. This catheter has a tiny balloon at the end that is inflated, and it keeps the tube in position inside the uterus.
  4. The speculum tool is removed, and the patient is placed in an x-ray machine. The liquid is passed through the cannula or tube inside the uterus and fallopian tubes. This liquid can cause cramping. If tubes are clogged, the liquid will stretch the tubes.
  5. The physician then captures x-ray images as the liquid fills up the uterus and tubes. The patient needs to change positions. If no blockage is found, the liquid will slowly flow out the far ends of the tubes. After it’s done flowing out, the liquid will be soaked by the body.
  6. After all the images are captured, all the instruments and tools are safely removed.

Buy Best Price HSG Catheters at CIA Medical

There are many providers of wholesale HSG catheters, but CIA Medical can be your No. 1 choice. We offer the widest range of products, all from trusted suppliers, at the very best prices. Plus, we’ve been in the business for years, meeting the needs of thousands of happy customers, so you can count on us to provide what you’re looking for.

Our sales managers and customer service team possess thorough expertise to help our clients navigate the complicated sourcing process. CIA Medical offers high-quality HSG Catheters from top manufacturers in the USA and our team is glad to assist you find the right one for you.